نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد واحد اهواز

2 گروه علوم محیط زیست، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز

3 1- گروه علوم محیط زیست، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز 3- گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دریا، دانشگاه علوم وفنون دریایی

4 شرکت پالایش نفت آبادان

چکیده

زمینه و هدف، ترکیبات بتیکس باعث اثرات سوء بر سلامتی کارکنان در صنایع مختلف از جمله صنعت نفت می شوند. این مطالعه با هدف سنجش این ترکیبات و اثر آنها بر پارامترهای لیپیدی سرم خون کارکنان پالایشگاه نفت آبادان انجام شد.
مواد و روشها، در این مطالعه تعداد 80 کارگر (40 نفر مواجهه یافته از واحدهای عملیاتی و 40 نفر مواجهه نیافته از بخش های اداری) مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. نمونه گیری و سنجش از ناحیه تنفسی کارکنان با استفاده از پمپ نمونه برداری فردی و سنجش پارامترهای لیپیدی خون کارکنان با استفاده از کیت های تجاری شرکت پارس آزمون و دستگاه اتو آنالایزر مخصوص آزمایشهای بیوشیمی مدل Biolis 30i ساخت کشور ژاپن انجام شد.
یافته ها، نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، نشان دادند که میانگین غلظت ترکیبات تولوئن، اتیل بنزن و زایلن در ناحیه تنفسی کارکنان مواجهه یافته پایین تر از حد مجاز استانداردها قرار دارد اما میانگین غلظت ترکیب بنزن بالاتر از حد مجاز استانداردهای توصیه شده قرار دارد. نتایج به دست آمده از مقایسه پارامترهای لیپیدی سرم خون نشان دادند که تفاوت معنی داری بین دو گروه کارکنان مواجهه یافته و نیافته ندارد. نتایج آزمون اسپیرمن هیچ ارتباط معنی داری بین این پارامترها و مشخصات دموگرافیک در دو گروه را نشان نداد. اما آزمون آماری پیرسون نشان داد که ارتباط معنی داری بین برخی از پارامترهای لیپیدی سرم خون در دو گروه وجود دارد و در هر دو گروه کارکنان میانگین پارامتر لیپیدی بد پلاسمای خون بالاتر از محدوده نرمال قرار دارد.
نتیجه گیری، نتایج نشان داد که غلظت ترکیب بنزن بالاتر از حدمجاز استانداردها قرار دارد و باید از تأثیر بنزن در کارکنان با کنترل های مهندسی و مدیریت کافی و بازرسی دوره ای جلوگیری شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effects of BTEX compounds on serum lipid parameters of Abadan Oil Refining Company employees in 1400

نویسندگان [English]

  • samad jalilian 1
  • Sima Sabzalipour 2
  • Ebrahim Rajabzadeh Ghatrami 3
  • Amir Hossain mazarei 4

1 Department of Environment, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Environment, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Department of Environment, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. 2- Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Natural Resources. Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology. Khorramshahr. Iran.

4 Industrial consultant of Abadan Oil Refining Company.

چکیده [English]

Background and Purpose: BTEX compounds cause adverse effects on the
health of employees in various industries, including the oil industry. This study
was conducted with the aim of measuring these compounds and their effect
on serum lipid parameters of Abadan oil refinery workers.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 80 workers (40 exposed people
from operational units and 40 non-exposed people from administrative
departments) were investigated. Sampling and measurement of employees’
respiratory area was done using individual sampling pump and measurement
of lipid parameters of employees’ blood was done using commercial kits of
Pars Azmoun company.
Results: The obtained results showed that the average concentration of
toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene compounds in the respiratory area of
the exposed employees was lower than the standard limit, but the average
concentration of benzene compound was higher than the recommended
standard limit. The results obtained from the comparison of blood serum lipid
parameters showed that there is no significant difference between the two
groups of exposed and non-exposed employees. The results of Spearman’s
test did not find any significant relationship between these parameters and
demographic characteristics in the two groups. However, Pearson’s statistical
test showed that there is a significant relationship between some blood serum
lipid parameters in two groups, and in both groups of employees, the average
blood plasma lipid parameter was higher than the normal range.
Conclusion: The results showed that the concentration of benzene compound
is higher than the permissible limit of the standards and the effect of
benzene on employees should be prevented with adequate engineering and
management controls and periodic inspection.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Benzene
  • ethylbenzene
  • toluene
  • xylene
  • lipid
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