عنوان مقاله [English]
Background & Objectives: With the increasing trend of imports and exports in the country, the number of transport vehicles is also growing at the customs gates across the world. This causes the wastewater disinfection gates to increase in number at the borders of a country. Du to a cationic detergent called Benzalkonium chloride, the wastewater produced in these places is not biologically treatable. Therefore, advanced oxidation methods are considered as a viable option for treating the wastewater. In aspect-oriented programming (AOP), catalytic ozonation with activated carbon is regarded as an efficient method of disinfection. The present study aimed to determine the optimal conditions of using activated carbon produced from agricultural waste and activated with NH4CL as a heterogeneous catalyst with Ozone.
Methods: In this study, the chemical quality of wastewater was evaluated at the disinfection customs gate of Lotf Abad Using single and catalytic ozonation by NH4Cl-induced activated carbon obtained from agricultural waste as the base material, COD removal was performed in a 200cc continuous reactor. The studied variables were pH, catalyst concentration and the reaction time. In the catalytic ozonation, single absorption and the synergistic effect of the catalysts were also investigated.
Results: According to the results of the present study, with the ozone dose of 1 mg/min of alkaline pH in 30 minutes, single ozonation was able to remove only 39.7% of COD while catalytic ozonation with 0.1 g/L of carbon catalyst concentration in the same condition removed 66.8% of COD creating a 13.6% of synergistic effect as well.
Conclusion: Activated carbon with NH4CL could noticeably increase the oxidation with ozone. Thus, it could be used as a catalyst in the ozonation reactor in order to remove COD from wastewater.
Paper Type: Research Article