میکروپلاستیک ها به عنوان یک چالش جدید در مدیریت منابع آبی: اشکال مختلف و روش های حذف آنها (یک مطالعه مروری)

نوع مقاله: مقالات مروری روایی و یکپارچه

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسى بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکى قم، قم، ایران

2 گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم، قم، ایران

3 گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم

10.22038/jreh.2020.47810.1359

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: امروزه تولید مواد پلاستیکی با رشد جمعیت و توسعه صنعت در جهان چندین برابر شده است. میکروپلاستیک ها بر اثر تجزیه مواد پلاستیکی در محیط رها می شوند. سازمان بهداشت جهانی بدلیل ماندگاری زیاد و خاصیت تجمعی زیستی این ذرات، آنها را آلاینده نوظهور نامیده است.مطالعه حاضر به مرور مطالعات انجام شده در مورد ویژگی‌ها، مخاطرات بهداشتی، مقادیر و همچنین کارایی روش‌های مختلف حذف میکروپلاستیک‌ها در محیط‌های آبی پرداخته است.
مواد و روش‌ها: دراین مطالعه‌ی مروری، کلمات کلیدیMicro-plastic ,Pollution، Water-Drinking و Removal در مقالات سال‌های 2000 تا 2020 پایگاه‌های داده Pubmed , Google Scholar, Science Direct و Scopus جستجو شد و مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: مطالعات نشان می‌دهد این آلاینده در محیط زیست علاوه بر زنجیره غذایی، در آب‌های آشامیدنی بطری شده نیز وجود دارد، که می‌تواند سلامت انسان، محیط زیست و جانداران ساکن در محیط‌های آبی را تحت تاثیر قرار دهد.
نتایج: پیشنهاد می‌شود مطالعات بیشتری درباره این آلاینده در محیط‌ های آبی بویژه در ایران انجام شود. علاوه بر آن، آگاهی دادن به مردم مبنی بر استفاده کمتر از مواد پلاستیکی در زندگی روزمره، آموزش صحیح بازیافت به آنها و کمک گرفتن از صنایع تا یک جایگزین مناسب برای پلاستیک ارائه نمایند.
نوع مقاله: یک مقاله مروری می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Micro-plastics as a new challenge in water resource management; Various forms and removal methods, (A review study)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Asadi-Ghalhari 1
  • Amin Kishipour 2
  • Roqiyeh Mostafaloo 2
  • Yalda Arast 3
1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3 department of occupational health, Qom university of medical sciences
چکیده [English]

Background and Purpose: Today, the production of plastic materials has multiplied with the growth of population and the development of industry in the world. Micro-plastics are released into the environment by the decomposition of plastic materials. The World Health Organization (WHO) has called these particles emerging pollutants due to their highly durable and bioaccumulative. The present study reviews the characteristics, health hazards, values, as well as the efficiency of different methods of eliminating micro-plastics in aquatic environments.
Materials and Methods: In this review study, the keywords Micro-plastic, Water-drinking, Pollution, and Removal were searched and studied in articles from 2000 to 2020 published by Pubmed, Google scholar, Science direct, and Scopus.
Results: Studies show that in addition to the food chain, this pollutant is also present in bottled drinking water, which can affect human health, the environment and living organisms in aquatic environments.
conclusion: It is suggested that more studies be done on this pollutant in aquatic environments, especially in Iran. In addition, educate people about less use of plastic in everyday life, teach them how to recycle properly, and get help from the industry to provide a suitable alternative to plastic.
Article type: A review article.

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  • Water Resources
  • Micro-plastics
  • Emerging Pollutants
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