ارزیابی وضعیت بهداشتی استخرهای شنای شهرمشهددر نه ماه اول سال 1396

نوع مقاله: Research Paper

نویسندگان

1 دپارتمان جغرافیا ومحیط، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران،ایران

2 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد - دانشکده بهداشت - گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط و حرفه ای

3 گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط و بهداشت حرفه ای

چکیده

مقدمه: استخرهای شنا یکی از فضاهای ورزشی مهم بوده ومحلی تفریحی و ورزشی است که عدم رعایت نکات بهداشتی در آن می تواند اثرات ناگواری بر سلامت جامعه داشته باشد.
هدف: این مطالعه با هدف شناسایی و ارزیابی وضعیت بهداشتی فضای داخلی استخرها ، وضعیت سلامت آب دراستخرهای عمومی شهر مشهددر۹ ماهه اول سال 1396انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه کاربردی بمنظور شناسایی خطرات، بصورت مشاهدات میدانی جهت بررسی بهداشتی فضای داخلی ۶۴ باب استخرعمومی انجام شد. برای جمع آوری اطلاعات و داده‌ها از پرسشنامه های روایی و پایایی شده اطلاعات عمومی و نیروی انسانی(۱۴ سئوال) و ارزیابی بهداشت(۳۷سئوال) و پرسشنامه کنترل کیفی آب استخرهای شنای مشهد استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده های نرمال از آزمون پارامتری آنالیز واریانس و داده های غیرنرمال از آزمون ناپارامتری کروسکال والیس استفاده شدو در سطح 0/05 >P تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته ها: ارزیابی کیفیت آب توسط مراکز بهداشت وضعیت درصد مطلوبیت نتایج آزمایشات کلرباقیمانده،PH،دمای آب ،کدورت آب، کلیفرم گرماپای، باکتریهای هتروتروف ،کیفیت شیمیایی آب به ترتیب۸۶، ۹۶، ۴۴/۴۴،۹۵/۴۹،۹۲/۹۶، ۹۶/۳۱،۹۴/۹۵درصد بوده است. میزان کلرباقیمانده ، کدورت آب و باکتریهای هتروتروف کمتراز حد انتظار۹۵٪ بوده است. نتایج آزمایشات مراکز بهداشت مشهد و آزمایشات خودکنترلی مدیران استخرها نشان داد که نتایج آزمایشات PHآب، درجه حرارت آب، آزمایشات میکروبی از نظر کلیفرم گرماپای و آزمایشات شیمیایی آب با استاندارد مطابقت داشت(P نتیجه گیری: نتایج بررسی ها نشان داد که بیشترین خطرات بهداشتی مربوط به میزان کلرباقیمانده ، کدورت و آلودگی میکروبی آب ازنظرباکتریهای هتروتروف است. آموزش شناگران وفرهنگ سازی بهداشتی نقش موثری در کنترل خطرات بهداشتی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Health and Hygienic Condition of Swimming Pools in Mashhad City in Different Seasons of the Year 2018

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolhamid Gohari 1
  • hosein alidadi 2
  • ramAzan mirzaei 3
1 Department of Geography and Environment, Islamic Azad University. Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 گروه مهندسی بهداشت حرفه ای
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Swimming pools are one of the most important sport and recreational areas where health tips must be followed, or adverse results would threaten the health of the whole society.
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the health and hygienic status of the swimming pools as well as water health status in public pools in Mashhad in the first nine months of 2018.
Methods: This practical research has been carried out to identify the relevant risks, as field observations for assessing the hygienic condition of indoor areas in 64 swimming pools For data collection in the present study, valid and reliable questionnaires of general information and human resources (14 question), health assessment (37 questions), and water quality control of Mashhad’s swimming pools were used. Parametric analysis of variance was utilized for normal data, and non-normal data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test by considering P <0.05.
Results: The results of the evaluation of water quality by health centers indicated that the desirability amount of the residual chlorine, water pH, water temperature, water turbidity, microbial thermophile coliforms, heterotrophic bacteria, and water chemical quality was 86%, 96%, 95.44%, 92.44%, 96.49%, 94.96%, and 95.31%, respectively. Amount of the residual chlorine, water turbidity, and heterotrophic bacteria was below the expected level of 95%. The outcomes of the tests administered by Mashhad health and hygiene centers (supervision organization), and pool managers' self-control examinations revealed that the results of water pH, water temperature, thermophile coliform, and water chemical tests were in total accordance with standards (P <0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that most of the health risks were related to the residual chlorine, turbidity, and microbial contamination of water by heterotrophic bacteria. Training swimmers and hygiene culture development have a pivotal role in controlling health risks

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • swimming pool
  • Standards
  • health
  • swimmer
 

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