ارزیابی اثرات زیست محیطی معدن سنگ گرانیت و مرمریت به روش ماتریس لئوپولدایرانی و RIAM

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بهداشت محیط، عضو کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط و حرفه ای، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسى بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکى گناباد، خراسان رضوی، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بهداشت محیط، عضو کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط و حرفه ای، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد ، گناباد ، ایران.

4 دانشجوی مهندسی بهداشت محیط دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد گناباد ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: صرف نظر از اثرات مثبت اقتصادی، تأثیرات نامطلوب محیط زیستی معادن، ارزﯾﺎﺑﯽ اﺛﺮات زﯾﺴﺖ‌ﻣﺤﯿﻄﯽ را ضروری می­سازد، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف ارزیابی اثرات زیست‌­محیطی معادن سنگ گرانیت و مرمریت در استان خراسان رضوی انجام شد.
مواد و روشها: در این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی، اثرات زیست‌محیطی معدن سنگ گرانیت ده‌غیبی و معدن سنگ سرخ‌سنگ چاه فالیز (مرمریت) در سال 1396 مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. پس از بازدیدهای میدانی، اطلاعات از طریق چک‌لیست گردآوری و تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از طریق ماتریس RIAMو لئوپولد ایرانی انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: بر اساس نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات معادن از طریق ماتریس لئوپولد، میانگین رده‌بندی کلی در تمام محیط­ها شامل فرهنگی، اقتصادی- اجتماعی، بیولوژیکی و فیزیکی 1/46- بود که بیانگر پیامدهای منفی ضعیف است. همچنین مخرب‌ترین پیامدها مربوط به محیط بیولوژیکی بود. بر اساس نتایج ماتریس RIAM، بیشترین تأثیرات منفی معدن‌کاری بر روی محیط فیزیکی- شیمیایی بود.
نتیجهگیری: فعالیت­های بهره‌برداری از سنگ گرانیت ده‌غیبی و سنگ سرخ‌سنگ چاه فالیز (مرمریت) با توجه به ماتریس RIAM در مجموع دارای اثرات منفی متوسط تا اندک بر روی محیط فیزیکی- شیمیایی و با توجه به ماتریس لئوپولد، دارای اثرات منفی اندک بر محیط­های بیولوژیکی و فیزیکی- شیمیایی می­باشد. با اعمال ملاحظات زیست‌محیطی ادامه بهره‌برداری از معدن سنگ خراسان رضوی می­توان علاوه بر تحقق اهداف توسعه ملی، اشتغال‌زایی و ایجاد تأسیسات زیربنایی را نیز دنبال کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Environmental Impact Assessment of Granite and Marble stone quarries Using RIAM and Iranian Leopold Matrix Methods

نویسندگان [English]

  • zohre rahnamabargard 1
  • Ali Sajjadi 2
  • horiye naddaf 3
  • mahnaz kharghani 4
1 Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3 Student in Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad
4 Student in Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Committee Gonanbad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, and Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim:Regardless of the positive economic effects, the adverse environmental impacts of mines make it necessary to assess environmental impacts. The purpose of this study was to determine the environmental impacts of granite and marble quarries in Khorasan Razavi province.
Materials and methods:In this descriptive-analytical study after field visits, information was collected through a checklist and data analysis was performed using RIAM and Leopold matrices.
Results:Analysis of mine information through the Leopold matrix showed that the average overall ranking in all environments including cultural, socio-economic, biological and physical was -1.46, which indicates poor negative consequences. Also, the most harmful consequences were in the biological environment. According to the results of the RIAM matrix, the most negative impacts of mining occur in the physical-chemical environment.
Conclusion:Exploration activities of the granite and marble quarries in Khorasan Razavi with respect to the RIAM matrix generally have moderate to slight negative effects on the physico-chemical environment and with respect to the Leopold matrix have minor adverse effects on the biological and physico-chemical environments. The continuation of exploitation of the Khorasan Razavi stone mine along with environmental considerations can, in addition to realizing the national development goals, lead to the creation of job opportunities and the construction of infrastructural facilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental impact assessment
  • Stone Quarry
  • RIAM Matrix
  • Leopold Matrix
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