عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Petroleum products such as crude oil, gasoline and gasoline are the most commonly used in the world, the major pollutants of water. About 10 million tons of oil are burnt annually in the world. Therefore, the development of new technologies for the elimination and purification of oil pollution is essential. There are several methods for cleaning up oil pollution and its derivatives. In this research, straw and chalk absorber was used as an organic adsorbent to remove diesel oil from wastewater.
Materials and method: The straw and chalk were firstly determined using the FT-IR analysis. Then the adsorption experiments were performed discontinuously using diesel oil laboratory solutions. Optimum adsorption conditions were obtained by changing the factors affecting adsorption including pH, initial concentration of contaminant, contact time and adsorbent amount on adsorption at different levels, The oil absorption was determined by weighting method. Ultimately, the use of adsorbent for laboratory wastewater was studied.
Results: The highest absorbent efficiency at the time of equilibrium was observed for absorbing oil using straw and chalk absorber in 15 minutes, which did not have a significant difference with other contact times (49.85% absorbance, P<0.05) and the lowest value was observed without a significant difference in 3 minutes (37.19% absorption). The effect of straw absorbent values in 2 g/L was significantly higher than other amount of adsorbents (51.48% absorption, P<0.05) and the lowest percentage of adsorption was significantly different from other values in 0.25 And 0.5 grams per liter (38.30%, P<0.05). The fitting of Isotherm showed that the adsorption of diesel oil by straw and chalk with both Freundwich and Langmuir models were consistent with the high R2 (R2 = 0.99 and R2 = 0.96).