بررسی سطح تحصیلات و تخصص مدیران و کارشناسان مسئول در مدیریت پسماند شهرهای ایران

نوع مقاله: Research Paper

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی بهداشت محیط، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز،ایران

2 استاد، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت و محیط زیست،گروه مهندسی بهداشت محیط، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، ایران

چکیده


زمینه و هدف: جهت انجام صحیح مدیریت پسماند، عناصر متعددی دخیل می­ باشد. یکی از مهم‌ترین مؤلفه­ های تأثیرگذار، توان علمی و تخصصی مدیران و کارشناسان شاغل در حوزه مدیریت پسماند می­ باشد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی سطح تحصیلات و تخصص مدیران و کارشناسان مسئول در مدیریت پسماند شهرهای ایران انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها: جهت انجام این مطالعه، چک‌لیست ویژه­ ای طراحی و پس از هماهنگی طی نامه رسمی به سازمان‌های مدیریت پسماند 31 مرکز استان کشور ارسال گردید. اطلاعات حاصل از 15 سازمان پسماند استان‌های مختلف کشور دریافت و توسط نرم‌افزار اس پی اس اس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان دادند که حدود 29 عنوان رشته تحصیلی غیرمرتبط، 6 عنوان رشته تحصیلی نیمه‌مرتبط و 2 عنوان رشته تحصیلی کاملاً مرتبط (شامل مهندسی بهداشت محیط و مهندسی محیط زیست) در پست‌های مختلف سازمان‌های مدیریت پسماند مشغول به‌کار هستند. تنها 8/14% مدیران و کارشناسان دارای تخصص در رشته­ های کاملاً مرتبط بوده و 33/22% فارغ‌التحصیل رشته­ های نیمه‌مرتبط و 58/64% فارغ‌التحصیل رشته­ های کاملاً غیرمرتبط در سازمان‌های پسماند استان‌های مورد مطالعه مشغول به‌کار می­ باشند.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج مطالعه و همچنین ماده 28 آیین‌نامه اجرایی قانون مدیریت پسماندها، ضرورت بازنگری و اصلاح فرآیند جذب نیروی انسانی و بکارگیری مدیران و کارشناسان با تخصص مرتبط در سازمان‌های مدیریت پسماند، به‌عنوان یکی از عوامل مؤثر در ارتقای وضعیت نامطلوب موجود مدیریت پسماند، ضروری به‌نظر می­رسد.
نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the education level and specialty of managers and experts in Waste Management Organizations of Iranian cities

نویسندگان [English]

  • sanaz esmaeilizadeh 1
  • Hassan Taghipour 2
1 MSc Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Committee, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Professor, Health and Environmental Research Center & Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Purpose: Various factors are involved in proper waste management. One of the most important and effective components is the scientific and specialized capability of experts and managers working in the waste management field. This research was conducted to investigate the education level and specialty of managers and experts of waste management in cities of Iran.
Materials and Methods: In order to conduct this research, a special checklist was developed and sent to waste management organizations in 31 provinces of Iran in an official letter. Data were collected from 15 waste management organizations of different provinces of Iran and they were analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: The research results revealed that there are about 29 unrelated fields of education, 6 semi-related fields of education, and 2 completely related fields of education) including environmental health engineering and environmental engineering( at various positions in waste management organizations. Only 8.14% of managers and experts had a specialty in completely related fields of study and 33.22% of them were graduates of semi-related fields of study and 58.64% of them graduates of completely unrelated fields of study, working in waste management organizations in the studied provinces.
Conclusion: Based on the research results and also Clause 28 of Waste Management Legislation, reviewing and modifying the process of personnel recruitment and using managers and experts with a relevant specialty in waste management organizations as one of the most effective factors in enhancing the current undesirable condition of waste management seems to be essential.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran
  • administrative capacity
  • waste management organizations
  • Solid waste
  • human resource management

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