برآورد انتشار کربن حاصل از مصرف سوخت های فسیلی در بازه زمانی 1394-1306 در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله کوتاه

نویسنده

باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه توصیفی ـ تحلیلی با هدف ارزیابی میزان انتشار کربن حاصل از مصرف سوخت­های فسیلی بنزین، نفتگاز، نفت کوره و نفت سفید در بازه زمانی سال­های 94-1306 انجام شد. میزان مصرف سوخت­های فسیلی در بازه زمانی سال­های 94-1306 با استفاده از آمارنامه مصرف فرآورده­های نفتی که توسط اداره انتشارات روابط عمومی شرکت ملی پخش فرآورده­های نفتی ایران منتشر شده است، جمع‌آوری گردید. مجموع مصرف فرآورده­های نفتی در بازه زمانی سال­های 94-1306 رشد مثبت داشته است؛ به‌طوری ‌که در سال 1394 بالغ بر 73/1 لیتر میلیارد فرآورده­های نفتی مصرف شده بود. میزان انتشار کربن حاصل از مصرف بنزین در سال 1306 و 1394 به ترتیب 9234500 و59607018500 کیلوگرم دی‌اکسیدکربن در سال بوده است. میزان مصرف نفتگاز، نفت کوره و نفت سفید نیز طی سال­های مورد مطالعه افزایش یافته است. پیشنهاد می­شود راهکارهای مدیریتی جهت استفاده بهینه از سوخت­های فسیلی ارائه گردد و انرژی­های پاک و تجدیدپذیر مانند باد و خورشید جایگزین شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The estimated carbon emissions from fossil fuel consumption in the period 1394-1306 in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad velayatzadeh
Young researchers and Elite club, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

This analytical descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the carbon emissions from the use of fossil fuels for gasoline, petroleum gas, petroleum fuels and kerosene during the period of 1306 to 1394 in 1397. The amount of fossil fuel consumption in the period from 1306 to 1394 was collected using the statistics of consumption of petroleum products, which was published by the Public Relations Publications Office of the National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company. The total consumption of petroleum products in the period between 1306 and 1394 shows that there was a positive growth, so that in 1394 it was consumed by 73.1 billion L. The amount of carbon emissions from gasoline consumption in the year 1306 and 1394 was 9234500 and 59607018500 kg of carbon dioxide per year, respectively. The consumption of gas, kerosene and kerosene has grown steadily over the years and the consumption of these fossil fuels has increased. The analysis of the results shows that gasoline consumption has increased. Gasoline is one of the most consumed fossil fuels in Iran, which is mainly used in light car transport. Of course, it should be noted that the Iranian population has grown positively since the last 40 years.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • energy
  • Iran
  • carbon dioxide
  • carbon footprint
  • fossil fuels
 

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