تحلیل همبستگی دی‌اکسیدکربن، اکسیژن، دما و رطوبت هوای میدان نفتی یادآوران در استان خوزستان

نوع مقاله: مقالات پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه ایمنی صنعتی، موسسه آموزش عالی کاسپین، قزوین، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه ایمنی صنعتی، موسسه آموزش عالی کاسپین، قزوین، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: دی­اکسیدکربن موجود در هوا نقش مهمی در افزایش دما دارد و غلظت بالای آن می­تواند بر سلامتی انسان تأثیرگذار باشد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین میزان دی­اکسیدکربن انتشار یافته در اتمسفر و مقایسه آستانه حد مجاز غلظت دی­اکسیدکربن محیط با استانداردهای جهانی در میدان نفتی یادآوران در سال 1396 انجام شد.
مواد و روش­ها: مطالعه حاضر در سال 1396 در میدان نفتی یادآوران در استان خوزستان انجام شد. در این پژوهش سنجش گازهای متان، دی­اکسیدکربن، مونواکسیدکربن، اکسیژن، دما و رطوبت نسبی در 64 ایستگاه با 3 تکرار با استفاده از دستگاه­های ALTAIR 4X و Trotec مدل BZ30 انجام شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از نرم­افزار آماری SPSS، ورژن 18 و ANOVA One-way و آزمون‌های Kolmogorov-Smirnov و ضریب Pearson و Spearman انجام گرفت.
یافته­ها: در این مطالعه دامنه غلظت دی­اکسیدکربن و اکسیژن به ترتیب 590-450 و ppm 20/98-19 به‌دست آمد. همچنین بالاترین و پایین­ترین میزان دی­اکسیدکربن به ترتیب 6/36±584/56 و ppm 4/77±453/92 در کمپ آبرسانی (زلال) و چاه S10 بود (0/05>p). بالاترین میزان اکسیژن ppm 0/041±20/92 و در چاه S7 و F12 بود، اما پایین­ترین میزان اکسیژن 0/059±19 و  ppm 0/042±19 و در چاه S10 و F17 به‌دست آمد (0/05<p).
نتیجه ­گیری: بر اساس نتایج تحلیل ضریب پیرسون و اسپیرمن، بین دما، رطوبت، اکسیژن و دی­اکسیدکربن همبستگی مثبت و معنی­داری وجود نداشت. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست آمده، غلظت دی­اکسیدکربن در مناطق مختلف میدان نفتی یادآوران در حد قابل قبول بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Correlation analysis of Carbon Dioxide, Oxygen, Temperature and Humidity of Yadavaran Oil field in Khuzestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad velayatzadeh 1
  • Sina Davazdah Emami 2
  • Zahra Naserzadeh 2
1 Master's degree, Industrial Safety Department, Caspian Institute of Higher Education, Qazvin, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Industrial Safety Department, Caspian Institute of Higher Education, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background & Objective:Emission of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has an important role in increasing temperatures and, its higher concentration can effect on human health. Due to this issue, this study is aimed to measure the amount of the released carbon dioxide into the atmosphere in different part of Yadavaran Oil field and compare with international standards in 2017.
Material & Methods:The present investigation was accomplished in Yadavaran oil field of Khuzestan province of Iran in 2017. In this study measurement of parameters including carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, oxygen, relative humidity and temperature was done in 64 stations with 3 replications using ALTAIR 4X and Trotec BZ30. Data was analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Kolmogorov–Smirnov tests. Moreover, Correlation analysis was performed using Pearson and Spearman coefficients.
Results:The results showed that concentration range of carbon dioxide and oxygen was 490-590 and 19-208ppm respectively. Also, the highest and lowest levels of carbon dioxide were 584.56±6.36 and 453.94±77.7 ppm in wet water camp and S10 wells (P <0.05) correspndingly. The highest oxygen content was 20.92±0.041 ppm in S7 and F12 wells, but the lowest oxygen content was 19±0.059 and 19±0.042 in S10 and F17 wells (P> 0.05) in the same order.
Conclusion:Pearson and Spearman coefficient analysis showed no significant correlation between temperature, humidity, oxygen and carbon dioxide. According to the results, the concentration of carbon dioxide in different areas of the oil field of Yadavaran was acceptable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Air pollution
  • bio safety
  • human health
  • Yadavaran Oil Field
  • Khuzestan Province
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